Journal of Southeast Asian Studies

Research Article

The destruction and assimilation of Campā (1832–35) as seen from Cam sources

Nicolas Weber


This article proposes to study nineteenth-century Cam sources as valuable materials for the history of the disappearance of the kingdom of Campā — or more precisely its last independent principality of Pāṇḍuraṅga — and its integration into the Vietnamese realm during the first half of the nineteenth century. The end of Campā is recorded mainly in metrical works known as ‘ariya’. These sources offer unique and detailed accounts of the incorporation of Campā as a Vietnamese province and the new administrative, economic, religious and cultural policies implemented by the Vietnamese. They also highlight the sufferings of the Campā population witnessing the imposition of a new and foreign order.

Nicolas Weber is a Visiting Lecturer at University of Malaya, Department of Southeast Asian Studies, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Correspondence in connection with this paper should be addressed to: The author would like to thank Professor Bruce Lockhart for his observations and suggestions.