Expert Reviews in Molecular Medicine

Review Article

The voltage-gated channel accessory protein KCNE2: multiple ion channel partners, multiple ways to long QT syndrome

Jodene Eldstroma1 and David Fedidaa1 c1

a1 Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Abstract

The single-pass transmembrane protein KCNE2 or MIRP1 was once thought to be the missing accessory protein that combined with hERG to fully recapitulate the cardiac repolarising current IKr. As a result of this role, it was an easy next step to associate mutations in KCNE2 to long QT syndrome, in which there is delayed repolarisation of the heart. Since that time however, KCNE2 has been shown to modify the behaviour of several other channels and currents, and its role in the heart and in the aetiology of long QT syndrome has become less clear. In this article, we review the known interactions of the KCNE2 protein and the resulting functional effects, and the effects of mutations in KCNE2 and their clinical role.

(Online publication December 14 2011)

Correspondence

c1 Corresponding author: David Fedida, Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, 2176 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z3. E-mail: fedida@interchange.ubc.ca