Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Short Communication

The mechanism of the REM state is more than a sum of its parts

Mark Solms a1
a1 Academic Department of Neurosurgery, St. Bartholomew's Royal London School of Medicine, Royal London Hospital, London E1 1BB, United Kingdom


Nielsen has not demonstrated that NREM dreams are regularly accompanied by fragments of the REM state. However, even if this hypothetical correlation could be demonstrated, its physiological basis would be indeterminate. The REM state is a configuration of physiological variables, the basis of which is a control mechanism that recruits and coordinates multiple sub-mechanisms into a stereotyped pattern. The diverse sub-mechanisms underlying each individual component of the REM state do not have an intrinsic relationship with the REM state itself.