A new approach for explaining dreaming and REM sleep mechanisms
Amina Khambalia a1andColin M. Shapiro a1 a1 Department of Psychiatry, University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, M5T 2S8, Canada
The following review summarizes and examines Mark Solms's article Dreaming and REM Sleep are controlled by different brain mechanisms, which argues why the understanding of REM sleep as the physiological equivalent of dreaming needs to be re-analyzed. An analysis of Solms's article demonstrates that he makes a convincing argument against the paradigmatic activation-synthesis model proposed by Hobson and McCarley and provides provocative evidence to support his claim that REM and dreaming are dissociable states. In addition, to situate Solms's findings in concurrent research, other studies are mentioned that are further elucidated by his argument.