Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary

The unbearable lightness of “Thinking”: Moving beyond simple concepts of thinking, rationality, and hypothesis testing

Gary L. Brasea1 and James Shanteaua1

a1 Department of Psychology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506. [email protected] [email protected]


Three correctives can get researchers out of the trap of constructing unitary theories of “thinking”: (1) Strong inference methods largely avoid problems associated with universal prescriptive normativism; (2) theories must recognize that significant modularity of cognitive processes is antithetical to general accounts of thinking; and (3) consideration of the domain-specificity of rationality render many of the present article's issues moot.