Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh


I.—On Reciprocal Figures, Frames, and Diagrams of Forces

J. Clerk Maxwell

Two figures are reciprocal when the properties of the first relative to the second are the same as those of the second relative to the first. Several kinds of reciprocity are known to mathematicians, and the theories of Inverse Figures and of Polar Reciprocals have been developed at great length, and have led to remarkable results. I propose to investigate a different kind of geometrical reciprocity, which is also capable of considerable development, and can be applied to the solution of mechanical problems.

(Received December 17 1869)