Fetal and Maternal Medicine Review

Research Article

THYROID FUNCTION IN PREGNANCY: MATERNAL AND FETAL OUTCOMES WITH HYPOTHYROIDISM AND SUBCLINICAL THYROID DYSFUNCTION

NEIL K VANESa1, JOHN H LAZARUSa2 and SHIAO-Y CHANa1 c1

a1 The School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham.

a2 Centre for Endocrine and Diabetes Sciences, Cardiff School of Medicine, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff.

Thyroid hormones are important in the development of the fetus and the placenta as well as in maintaining maternal wellbeing. Thyroid disorders are common in the population as a whole, particularly in women, and therefore are common during pregnancy and the puerperium. Biochemical derangement of thyroid function tests are present in approximately 2.5–5% of pregnant women.

(Online publication June 21 2011)

Correspondence:

c1 Shiao-Y Chan, Level 3, Academic Department, Birmingham Women's Hospital, Metchley Park Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands B15 2TG. Email: s.chan@bham.ac.uk