Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union

Contributed Papers

The ancient cultural framework of astronomy in Ukraine

Iryna B. Vavilovaa1 and Tetyna G. Artemenkoa1

a1 Main Astronomical Observatory of the NAS of Ukraine, Akad. Zabolotnogo St., 27, Kyiv MSP 03680 Ukraine email:,


We describe and discuss most interesting archaeological findings related to old astronomy in Ukraine. Among them are the mammoth tusk fragments (Gontsy and Kiev-Kirilivska settlements) and the famous Mezin bracelets (Mezin settlement), where possible calendar patterns based on the lunar cycles are engraved with fine accuracy, as well as a possible stellar map on the mammoth shoulder bone (Chocurcha-2 settlement).


  • Paleolithic;
  • calendars;
  • Mezin