Journal of Materials Research


Charge transfer on the metallic atom-pair bond and the bond energy

Thankappan Pillai Rajasekharana1 c1 and Vummethala Seshubaia2

a1 Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad 500 058, India

a2 School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500 046, India


Following our recent report demonstrating the significance of the nearest-neighbor unlike atom-pair bond in metallic alloys, an equation for the energy of such a bond is presented in this study. The success of empirically derived Miedema’s equation in predicting the signs of the heats of formation of metallic alloys is explained. The negative contribution to the energy stems from the ionicity in the bond. The charge transfer on the bond, suggested by Pauling to establish electroneutrality, contributes the positive term which is quantified in this study. The value of Miedema’s empirically derived constant (Q/P)1/2 and the origin of the R/P term follow from the present model. It is shown that the energy of the atom-pair bond, calculated using the model, in the compounds of MgCu2 structure type are directly correlated to the experimental heats of formation of the compounds, and this fact enables the prediction of the heats of formation values for new compounds of the same structure type.

(Received February 27 2011)

(Accepted April 08 2011)

Key Words:

  • Alloy;
  • Bonding;
  • Crystallographic structure


c1 Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:

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