a1 Emerging Technologies Research Centre, De Montfort University Leicester LE1 9BH, UK
a2 Inorganic Materials Chemistry Group, Inorganic Chemistry II, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany
In order to investigate the performance of ZnO-based thin film transistors (ZnO-TFTs), we fabricate devices using amorphous hafnium dioxide (HfO2) high-k dielectrics. Sputtered ZnO was used as the active channel layer, and aluminium source/drain electrodes were deposited by thermal evaporation, and the HfO2 high-k dielectrics are deposited by metal-organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD). The ZnO-TFTs with high-k HfO2 gate insulators exhibit good performance metrics and effective channel mobility which is appreciably higher in comparison to SiO2-based ZnO TFTs fabricated under similar conditions. The average channel mobility, turn-on voltage, on-off current ratio and subthreshold swing of the high-k TFTs are 31.2 cm2V-1s-1, -4.7 V, ~103, and 2.4 V/dec respectively. We compared the characteristics of a typical device consisting of HfO2 to those of a device consisting of thermally grown SiO2 to examine their potential for use as high-k dielectrics in future TFT devices.