a1 Surgery B/Trauma Unit, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel
a2 Intensive Care Unit, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel
a3 Surgery B, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel
a4 Supported by the Michael and Helen Schaffer Fund for research in Military Medicine
Earthquakes continue to exact a heavy toll on life, injury, and loss of property. Survival of casualties extricated from under the rubble depends upon early medical interventions by emergency teams on site. The objective of this paper is to review the pertinent literature and to analyze the information as a practical guideline for the medical management of casualties accidentally buried alive.
(Received August 30 2004)
(Accepted November 16 2004)
(Revised December 13 2004)
Ashkenazi I, Isakovich B, Kluger Y, Alfici R, Kessel B, Better OS: Prehospital management of earthquake casualties buried under rubble. Prehosp Disast Med 2005;20(2):122–133.