Experimental Agriculture

Research Article

AN INTEGRATED ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPING AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH: SYNERGIES AND TRADE-OFFS

ANDY JARVISa1a2 c1, CHARLOTTE LAUa1a2, SIMON COOKa2, EVA WOLLENBERGa2a3, JAMES HANSENa1a4, OSANA BONILLAa1a2 and ANDY CHALLINORa2a5

a1 International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) Km 17, Recta Cali-Palmira, Apartado Aéreo 6713, Cali, Colombia

a2 CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security

a3 University of Vermont, 617 Main Street, Burlington, Vermont, 05405, USA

a4 International Research Institute for Climate and Society, The Earth Institute, Columbia University and Palisades, New York, USA

a5 University of Leeds. Leeds LS2 9JT, UK

SUMMARY

Global food security is under threat by climate change, and the impacts fall disproportionately on resource-poor small producers. With the goal of making agricultural and food systems more climate-resilient, this paper presents an adaptation and mitigation framework. A road map for further agricultural research is proposed, based on the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security. We propose a holistic, integrated approach that takes into account trade-offs and feedbacks between interventions. We divide the agenda into four research areas, three tackling risk management, accelerated adaptation and emissions mitigation, and the fourth facilitating adoption of research outputs. After reviewing specific technical, agronomic and policy options for reducing climate change vulnerability, we acknowledge that science and good-faith recommendations do not necessarily translate into effective and timely actions. We therefore outline impediments to behavioural change and propose that future research overcomes these obstacles by linking the right institutions, instruments and scientific outputs. Food security research must go beyond its focus on production to also examine food access and utilization issues. Finally, we conclude that urgent action is needed despite the uncertainties, trade-offs and challenges.

(Accepted February 01 2011)

(Online publication March 25 2011)

Correspondence:

c1 Corresponding author. a.jarvis@cgiar.org