The Review of Symbolic Logic

Research Article

ON THE INFINITE IN MEREOLOGY WITH PLURAL QUANTIFICATION

MASSIMILIANO CARRARAa1 c1 and ENRICO MARTINOa1 c2

a1 University of Padua

Abstract

In “Mathematics is megethology,” Lewis reconstructs set theory using mereology and plural quantification (MPQ). In his recontruction he assumes from the beginning that there is an infinite plurality of atoms, whose size is equivalent to that of the set theoretical universe. Since this assumption is far beyond the basic axioms of mereology, it might seem that MPQ do not play any role in order to guarantee the existence of a large infinity of objects. However, we intend to demonstrate that mereology and plural quantification are, in some ways, particularly relevant to a certain conception of the infinite. More precisely, though the principles of mereology and plural quantification do not guarantee the existence of an infinite number of objects, nevertheless, once the existence of any infinite object is admitted, they are able to assure the existence of an uncountable infinity of objects. So, if—as Lewis maintains—MPQ were parts of logic, the implausible consequence would follow that, given a countable infinity of individuals, logic would be able to guarantee an uncountable infinity of objects.

(Received December 22 2009)

(Online publication September 17 2010)

Correspondence:

c1 DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY, UNIVERSITY OF PADUA, PADOVA, ITALY. E-mail: massimiliano.carrara@unipd.it

c2 DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY, UNIVERSITY OF PADUA, PADOVA, ITALY. E-mail: enrico.martino@unipd.it