British Journal of Nutrition

Dietary Surveys and Nutritional Epidemiology

Associations between dietary patterns, physical activity (leisure-time and occupational) and television viewing in middle-aged French adults

Hélène Charreirea1, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyota1, Sandrine Bertraisa1, Chantal Simona2, Basile Chaixa3, Christiane Webera4, Mathilde Touviera1, Pilar Galana1, Serge Hercberga1a5 and Jean-Michel Opperta1a6 c1

a1 INSERM U557, INRA U1125, CNAM, EA 3200, CRNH IdF, University Paris 13, 93017 Bobigny, France

a2 Lyon University, INSERM U870, INRA U1235, CRNH Rhône-Alpes, Hospices Civils de Lyon, 69310 Pierre Bénite, France

a3 INSERM U707, University Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, 75012 Paris, France

a4 ERL7230 CNRS Image, Ville, Environnement, Strasbourg University, 67000 Strasbourg, France

a5 Department of Public Health, Avicenne Hospital (AP-HP), 93017 Bobigny, France

a6 Department of Nutrition, Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital (AP-HP), 83, Boulevard de l'Hôpital, CNRH IdF, University Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, 75013 Paris, France

Abstract

Diet and physical activity are considered to be major components of a healthy lifestyle. However, few studies have examined in detail the relationships between specific types of physical activity, sedentary behaviour and diet in adults. The objective of the present study was to assess differential relationships between dietary patterns, leisure-time and occupational physical activities and time spent watching television (TV), as an indicator of sedentary behaviour, in middle-aged French subjects. We performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from 1359 participants in the SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants study, who completed a detailed physical activity questionnaire and at least six 24 h dietary records. Sex-specific dietary patterns were derived using factor analysis; their relationships with leisure-time and occupational physical activities and TV viewing were assessed using ANCOVA, after adjustment for age, educational level and smoking status. Three dietary patterns were identified in each sex. After adjustment for potential confounders, leisure-time physical activity was positively associated with a ‘healthy’ food pattern in both men (P for trend < 0·01) and women (P for trend < 0·03) and negatively associated with an ‘alcohol/meat’ pattern in men (P for trend < 0·01). TV viewing was positively associated with a ‘convenience’ pattern in men and with a ‘alcohol-appetiser’ pattern in women. In conclusion, identification of relationships between dietary patterns, physical activity and sedentary behaviour can enable identification of different types of lifestyle and should help to target at-risk groups in nutrition prevention programmes.

(Received May 04 2010)

(Revised September 07 2010)

(Accepted September 28 2010)

(Online publication January 21 2011)

Correspondence:

c1 Corresponding author: Dr J.-M. Oppert, fax +33 1 42 17 72 34, email jean-michel.oppert@psl.aphp.fr

Footnotes

Abbreviations: MET, metabolic equivalent task; SU.VI.MAX, SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants; TV, television

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