Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union

Contributed Papers

Connections between jet formation and multiwavelength spectral evolution in black hole transients

Emrah Kalemcia1, Yoon-Young Chuna1, Tolga Dinçera1, Michelle Buxtona2, John A. Tomsicka3, Stephane Corbela4 and Philip Kaareta5

a1 Sabanci University, Tuzla İstanbul, Turkey email:

a2 Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101 New Haven, CT 06520-8101, USA

a3 Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450, USA

a4 Laboratoire Astrophysique des Interactions Multi-echelles (UMR 7158) CEA/DSM-CNRS-Universite Paris Diderot CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif sur Yvette, France

a5 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa Van Allen Hall, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA


Multiwavelength observations are the key to understand conditions of jet formation in Galactic black hole transient (GBHT) systems. By studying radio and optical-infrared evolution of such systems during outburst decays, the compact jet formation can be traced. Comparing this with X-ray spectral and timing evolution we can obtain physical and geometrical conditions for jet formation, and study the contribution of jets to X-ray emission.

In this work, first X-ray evolution - jet relation for XTE J1752-223 will be discussed. This source had very good coverage in X-rays, optical, infrared and radio. A long exposure with INTEGRAL also allowed us to study gamma-ray behavior after the jet turns on. We will also show results from the analysis of data from GX 339-4 in the hard state with SUZAKU at low flux levels. The fits to iron line fluorescence emission show that the inner disk radius increases by a factor of >27 with respect to radii in bright states. This result, along with other disk radius measurements in the hard state will be discussed within the context of conditions for launching and sustaining jets.

(Online publication February 24 2011)


  • accretion;
  • black hole physics;
  • line: profiles