Journal of Materials Research


Lu2O3:Eu3+ nanoparticles and processed ceramics: Structural and spectroscopic studies

Kai Zhanga1, A.K. Pradhana1 c1, G.B. Louttsa1, U.N. Roya2, Y. Cuia2 and A. Burgera2

a1 Center for Materials Research, Norfolk State University, Norfolk, Virginia 23504

a2 Department of Physics, Fisk University, Nashville, Tennessee 37208


Europium-doped lutetium oxide (Lu2O3:Eu3+) nanophosphors were synthesized via modified combustion technique using urea as the fuel and metal nitrates as oxidants. The pellets prepared from the calcined nanocrystalline powders were vacuum sintered up to 1750 °C leading to very translucent ceramic. The products were characterized by x-ray diffraction to ascertain phase purity. The microstructures reveal the nanocrystalline nature of the powders. We have illustrated the crystallite size dependence and the influence of Eu3+ activation of Lu2O3:Eu3+ nanophosphors on Raman scattering. We have also demonstrated the particle size dependence of emission characteristics of nanophosphors and ceramics. Our results suggest that although the processed ceramics display superior emission characteristics, the nanocrystalline phosphor powders calcined at 1100 °C also display reasonably good emission characteristics, illustrating the possibility of their applications in display technology.

(Received February 07 2004)

(Accepted June 09 2004)

Key Words:

  • Combustion synthesis;
  • Nanoscale;
  • Ceramic


c1 Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: