Journal of Materials Research


Enthalpy of formation of cubic yttria-stabilized hafnia

Theresa A. Leea1 p1 and Alexandra Navrotskya1 c1

a1 NEAT ORU and Thermochemistry Facility, University of California at Davis, Davis, California 95646-8779


The enthalpy of formation of cubic yttria-stabilized hafnia from monoclinic hafnia and C-type yttria was measured by oxide melt solution calorimetry. The enthalpies of formation fit a function independent of temperature and quadratic in composition. The enthalpies of transition from m-HfO2 and C-type YO1.5, to the cubic fluorite phase are 32.5 ± 1.7 kJ/mol and 38.0 ± 13.4 kJ/mol, respectively. The interaction parameter in the fluorite phase is strongly negative, -155.2 ± 10.2 kJ/mol, suggesting even stronger short range order than in ZrO2–YO1.5. Regular solution theory or any other model assuming random mixing on the cation and /or anion sublattice is not physically reasonable. A more complex solution model should be developed to be consistent with the new calorimetric data and observed phase relations.

(Received January 12 2004)

(Accepted March 23 2004)

Key Words:

  • Ceramic;
  • Calorimetry;
  • Thermodynamic properties


c1 Address all correspondence to this author.e-mail:

p1 Present address: Nuclear Materials and Technology Division, NMT-16, MS G721, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545