Journal of Materials Research


Microstructural evolution in laser-ablation-deposited Fe–25 at.% Ge thin film

Krishanu Biswasa1 c1, Puspendu Kumar Dasa2 and Kamanio Chattopadhyaya3

a1 Department of Metallurgy, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India

a2 Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India

a3 Department of Metallurgy, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 560012, India


Films with Fe–25 at.% Ge composition are deposited by the process of laser ablation on single crystal NaCl and Cu substrates at room temperature. Both the vapor and liquid droplets generated in this process are quenched on the substrate. The microstructures of the embedded droplets show size as well as composition dependence. The hierarchy of phase evolution from amorphous to body-centered cubic (bcc) to DO3 has been observed as a function of size. Some of the medium-sized droplets also show direct formation of ordered DO19 phase from the starting liquid. The evolution of disordered bcc structure in some of the droplets indicates disorder trapping during liquid to solid transformation. The microstructural evolution is analyzed on the basis of heat transfer mechanisms and continuous growth model in the solidifying droplets.

(Received February 10 2005)

(Accepted October 03 2005)

(Online publication January 2006)

Key Words:

  • Pulsed laser deposition (PLD);
  • Thin film;
  • Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)


c1 Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: