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The pterosaurian remains from the Grünbach Formation (Campanian, Gosau Group) of Austria: a reappraisal of ‘Ornithocheirus buenzeli

ERIC BUFFETAUTa1 c1, ATTILA ŐSIa2 and EDINA PRONDVAIa3

a1 CNRS, UMR 8538, Laboratoire de Géologie de l'École Normale Supérieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France

a2 Hungarian Academy of Sciences – Hungarian Natural History Museum, Research Group for Paleontology, Ludovika tér 2, Budapest, H-1083, Hungary

a3 Eötvös Loránd University, Department of Paleontology, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/c, Budapest, H-1117, Hungary

Abstract

The fragmentary pterosaur material from the Campanian Grünbach Formation (Gosau Group) of Muthmannsdorf (Austria), previously identified as Ornithocheirus buenzeli Bunzel, 1871, is revised. A lower jaw fragment shows a helical type of articulation, which is known in several families of pterosaurs, and cannot be identified with great accuracy. The proximal part of a humerus shows distinctive features that allow it to be referred to as a member of the family Azhdarchidae, which is widespread in the Late Cretaceous Period of Europe. Ornithocheirus buenzeli is considered a nomen dubium. The pterosaur material from the Grünbach Formation cannot be used as evidence for the presence of ornithocheirids in the Late Cretaceous of Europe.

(Received January 20 2010)

(Accepted November 08 2010)

(Online publication December 09 2010)

Keywords:

  • Cretaceous;
  • Austria;
  • Pterosauria;
  • Azhdarchidae

Correspondence:

c1 Author for correspondence: eric.buffetaut@sfr.fr

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