a1 Laboratori de Física Aplicada i Cristal.lografia and IEA, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43005 Tarragona, Spain
a2 Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
a3 Laboratori de Física Aplicada i Cristal.lografia and IEA, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43005 Tarragona, Spain
The epitaxial growth of KTiOPO4 (KTP) films on different natural faces of KTi1-xGexOPO4 substrates was studied. The growth on faces (100) and (201) is generally of high quality, irrespective of the growth time or concentration of germanium in the substrates. On the other hand, the epitaxial growth on the face (101) is always of poor quality, and the defects are pyramids, even when the germanium content in the substrate is low and the growth time is short. The films on faces (011) and (110) generally have small hillocks as defects and for high concentrations of Ge in the crystals some cracks begin to appear. The film thickness, depending on the growth time and the face considered was measured by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) using backscattered electrons. The diffusion of germanium from the substrate to the film is very low, as demonstrated by electron probe microanalysis measurements and SEM observations. The difference in the refractive indices ny and nz of KTP and KTi0.92Ge0.08OPO4 are on the order of 0.01, which could be enough to produce wave guides. Finally, it was observed that the second harmonic generation response of KTP substituted with Ge decreases as the Ge content in the crystal increases.
(Received January 23 2001)
(Accepted December 12 2001)
c1 Address all correspondence to this author.