Journal of Materials Research

Rapid Communications

Synthesis of CuO and Cu2O crystalline nanowires using Cu(OH)2 nanowire templates

Wenzhong Wanga1, Oomman K. Varghesea1, Chuanmin Ruana1, Maggie Paulosea1 and Craig A. Grimesa1a)

a1 Department of Electrical Engineering and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, 217 Materials Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802

Abstract

Crystalline CuO and Cu2O nanowires with an average diameter of about 10 nm and lengths of several tens of microns were successfully synthesized, depending on synthesis conditions, using precursor Cu(OH)2 nanowires as templates. The crystallinity, purity, morphology, and structural features of the as-prepared nanowires were characterized by powder x-ray diffraction, selected-area electron diffraction, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The results showed that the precursor polycrystalline Cu(OH)2 nanowires served as both reactants for the growth of CuO and Cu2O nanowires, and as templates controlling the size and shape of the resulting nanowires.

(Received July 28 2003)

(Accepted September 17 2003)

Footnotes

a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: cgrimes@engr.psu.edu

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