Journal of Materials Research

Articles

Epitaxial dependence of the melting behavior of In nanoparticles embedded in Al matrices

H. W. Shenga1, G. Rena2, L. M. Penga2, Z. Q. Hua3 and K. Lua4

a1 National Key Laboratory for RSA, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110015, People's Republic of China

a2 Beijing Laboratory of Electron Microscopy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, People's Republic of China

a3 National Key Laboratory for RSA, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences Shenyang 110015, People's Republic of China

a4 National Key Laboratory for RSA, and International Center for Materials Physics, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110015, People's Republic of China

Abstract

Nanometer-sized In particles (5−45 nm) embedded in the Al matrix were prepared by using melt-spinning and ball-milling techniques. Different crystallographic orientationships between In nanoparticles and the Al matrix were constructed by these two approaches. Melting behavior of the In particles were investigated by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It was found that the epitaxially oriented In nanoparticles (with the Al matrix) in the melt-spun sample were superheated to about 0−38 °C, whereas the randomly oriented In particles in the ball-milled sample melted below its equilibrium melting point by about 0−22 °C. We suggest that the melting temperature of In nanoparticles can be either enhanced or depressed, depending on the epitaxy between In and the Al matrix.

(Received December 19 1995)

(Accepted September 23 1996)

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