Richard E. Smalley is the 1996 Nobel Laureate in chemistry and a University Professor and professor of chemistry and physics at Rice University. He received his BS degree in 1965 from the University of Michigan. After a four-year period as a research chemist with Shell ChemicalCompany, he earned a master's degree in 1971 and his PhD degree in 1973 from Princeton University. At Rice University, he rose rapidly through the academic ranks, being named to the Gene and Norman Hackerman Chair in Chemistry in 1982. Smalley was a founder of the Quantum Institute in 1979 and served as chair from 1986 to 1996. In 1990, he became a professor in the Department of Physics and was appointed University Professor in 2002. Smalley was the founding director of the Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology at Rice in 1996 and is now director of the university's Carbon Nanotechnology Laboratory. Among Smalley's other awards and honors are election to the National Academy of Sciences (1990) and to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1991), the International Prize for New Materials (1992), the E.O. Lawrence Award of the U.S. Department of Energy (1992), the Franklin Medal (1996), the Distinguished Public Service Medal from the U.S. Department of the Navy (1997), the Glenn T. Seaborg Medal of the State of Texas (2002), and the Lifetime Achievement Award from Small Times Magazine (2003).