Journal of Materials Research

Rapid Communications

Dielectric properties and energy storage capability of antiferroelectric Pb0.92La0.08Zr0.95Ti0.05O3 film-on-foil capacitors

Beihai Maa1 c1, Do-Kyun Kwona1 p1, Manoj Narayanan and U. (Balu) Balachandrana1

a1 Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439


Antiferroelectric (AFE) Pb0.92La0.08Zr0.95Ti0.05O3 (PLZT) films were grown on nickel foils with lanthanum nickel oxide buffer by chemical solution deposition. We observed field-induced AFE-to-ferroelectric (FE) phase transition. The electric field for the AFE-to-FE phase transition (E AF ≈ 270 kV/cm) and that for the reverse phase transition (E FA ≈ 230 kV/cm) were measured at room temperature on samples with PLZT films of ≈1-µm thickness. Relative permittivity of ≈560 and dielectric loss of <0.05 were measured near zero DC bias field. Hysteresis loop analysis showed that energy densities of ≈53 and 37 J/cm3 can be stored and recovered from the film-on-foil capacitors at 25 and 150 °C, respectively. Highly accelerated life tests were conducted. The projected mean time to failure is >5000 h when the capacitors are operated at room temperature with an applied field of ≈300 kV/cm.

(Received April 29 2009)

(Accepted June 17 2009)

Key Words:

  • Dielectric properties;
  • Energy storage;
  • Ferroelectric