Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society

Short Reviews

Neuropsychology 3.0: Evidence-Based Science and Practice

Robert M. Bildera1a2a3 c1

a1 Jane and Terry Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human Behavior at UCLA, Los Angeles, California

a2 Department of Psychiatry & Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California

a3 Department of Psychology, UCLA College of Letters & Science, Los Angeles, California


Neuropsychology is poised for transformations of its concepts and methods, leveraging advances in neuroimaging, the human genome project, psychometric theory, and information technologies. It is argued that a paradigm shift toward evidence-based science and practice can be enabled by innovations, including (1) formal definition of neuropsychological concepts and tasks in cognitive ontologies; (2) creation of collaborative neuropsychological knowledgebases; and (3) design of Web-based assessment methods that permit free development, large-sample implementation, and dynamic refinement of neuropsychological tests and the constructs these aim to assess. This article considers these opportunities, highlights selected obstacles, and offers suggestions for stepwise progress toward these goals. (JINS, 2011, 17, 000–000)

(Received August 13 2010)

(Revised October 16 2010)

(Accepted October 18 2010)

(Online publication November 19 2010)


c1 Correspondence and reprint requests to: Robert M. Bilder, PhD, Semel Institute at UCLA, 740 Westwood Plaza, Room C8-849, Los Angeles, CA 90095. E-mail: