Business History Review

Research Article

An American Enterprise Abroad: American Radiator Company in Europe, 1895–1914

Mira Wilkinsa1

a1 Visiting Lecturer in History, Smith College


Although Singer was the first American manufacturing firm to produce and market extensively in Europe, the American Radiator Company is perhaps more typical of the United States firms that expanded abroad in the nineteenth century. Professor Wilkins documents the evolution of this multinational enterprise and offers her study as a test of recent theories on direct investment abroad.