Journal of Materials Research

Articles

Determination of particle size distribution in an Fe2O3-based catalyst using magnetometry and x-ray diffraction

Manjula M. Ibrahima1, Jianmin Zhaoa1 and Mohindar S. Seehraa1 c1

a1 Physics Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506

Abstract

In this paper, the techniques of SQUID magnetometry and line broadening in x-ray diffraction are employed for determining an important parameter for catalysts, viz. the particle size distribution. Magnetization versus temperature (5 K–400 K) and magnetization versus field (up to 55 kOe) data are reported for an α–Fe2O3 based catalyst. After determining the region of superparamagnetism, the distribution function f(r) is determined assuming a log normal distribution and Langevin paramagnetism of superparamagnetic particles. The distribution is found to be fairly symmetric with center near 65 Å and range of 35 to 115 Å. From line-broadening of Bragg peaks in x-ray diffraction, particle radii varying between 75 Å and 110 Å are obtained. These results are compared with the reported Mössbauer measurements of Huffman et al. on the same sample.

(Received September 25 1991)

(Accepted March 13 1992)

Correspondence:

c1 Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

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