a1 University of Wollongong–ISEM, Wollongong, New South Wales 2519, Australia
a2 ANSTO-Institute for Environmental Research, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234, Australia
a3 University of Wollongong–ISEM, Wollongong, New South Wales 2519, Australia
Low energy metal ion implantation has been used to combine an easy “bottom-up” way of creating and tuning different topographic structures on submicron to micrometer scales with the embedding of a metallic element-rich functionalized layer at the surface for a variety of scientific and technological applications. The self-organizing and complex patterns of functionalized topographic structures are highly dependent on the implanted metal ion species, variations in the geometric confinement of the buckled areas on the larger unmodified elastomer film, and the boundary conditions of the buckled regions. Systematic investigations of these dependencies have been carried out via optical and atomic force microscopy, and confirmed with cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy.
(Received May 06 2010)
(Accepted June 24 2010)