Nutrition Research Reviews

Review Article

Medicinal and biological potential of pumpkin: an updated review

Mukesh Yadava1a2, Shalini Jaina3, Radha Tomara1, G. B. K. S. Prasada4 and Hariom Yadava3 c1

a1 School of Studies in Chemistry, Jiwaji University, Gwalior 474011, M.P., India

a2 College of Advance Studies, Datia, Madhya Pradhesh, India

a3 National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA

a4 School of Studies in Biotechnology, Jiwaji University, Gwalior 474011, M.P., India


The use of herbal remedies individually or in combination with standard medicines has been used in various medical treatises for the cure of different diseases. Pumpkin is one of the well-known edible plants and has substantial medicinal properties due to the presence of unique natural edible substances. It contains several phyto-constituents belonging to the categories of alkaloids, flavonoids, and palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids. Various important medicinal properties including anti-diabetic, antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory and others have been well documented. The purpose of the present article is to discuss various medicinal and biological potentials of pumpkin that can impart further research developments with this plant for human health benefits.


c1 Corresponding author: Dr Hariom Yadav, email


Abbreviations: MAP, myeloid antimicrobial peptide; MW, molecular weight