a1 Department of Mathematics & Computer Science, Fayetteville State University, Fayetteville, NC 28301, USA (email: email@example.com)
Let 𝒰(𝔯(1)) denote the enveloping algebra of the two-dimensional nonabelian Lie algebra 𝔯(1) over a base field 𝕂. We study the maximal abelian ad-nilpotent (mad) associative subalgebras and finite-dimensional Lie subalgebras of 𝒰(𝔯(1)). We first prove that the set of noncentral elements of 𝒰(𝔯(1)) admits the Dixmier partition, 𝒰(𝔯(1))−𝕂=⋃ 5i=1Δi, and establish characterization theorems for elements in Δi, i=1,3,4. Then we determine the elements in Δi, i=1,3 , and describe the eigenvalues for the inner derivation ad Bx,x∈Δi, i=3,4 . We also derive other useful results for elements in Δi, i=2,3,4,5 . As an application, we find all framed mad subalgebras of 𝒰(𝔯(1)) and determine all finite-dimensional nonabelian Lie algebras that can be realized as Lie subalgebras of 𝒰(𝔯(1)) . We also study the realizations of the Lie algebra 𝔯(1) in 𝒰(𝔯(1)) in detail.
(Received March 18 2009)
2000 Mathematics subject classification
Keywords and phrases
This research is supported in part by Fayetteville State University Faculty Development Research Grant.