International and Comparative Law Quarterly

Article

PEACE AGREEMENTS OR PIECES OF PAPER? THE IMPACT OF UNSC RESOLUTION 1325 ON PEACE PROCESSES AND THEIR AGREEMENTS

Christine Bella1 and Catherine O'Rourkea1

a1 Professor of Public International Law and Lecturer. Transitional Justice Institute, University of Ulster.

Abstract

On the 31 October 2000 UNSC Resolution 1325 was adopted. The resolution provided for a range of measures aimed at the inclusion of women in the prevention, management and resolution of conflict. In particular, several of the resolution's provisions addressed the role of women and gender in peace negotiations and agreements. This article examines whether and how Resolution 1325 has impacted on the drafting of peace agreements. We analyse explicit references to women and gender in peace agreements from 1990 to 2010, providing a quantitative and qualitative assessment of the extent to which women and gender are addressed. We conclude by using our findings and analysis to address the relationship of feminist intervention to international law, and debates around the strategies and trade-offs which underlie feminist promotion and use of UN Security Council Resolutions in particular.

Footnotes

This article was produced from an ongoing peace agreement database project that was funded by the Nuffield Foundation and we would like to thank the Foundation for its support. Thanks are also due to Professor Vani Borooah, University of Ulster, for assistance with statistical analysis, and in particular work on the logistic regression analysis. We would also like to thank Dr Christopher Lamont, Professor Fionnuala Ní Aolaín, Dr Niamh Reilly, Eilish Rooney, Aisling Swaine, and Nahla Valji for advice on earlier drafts. Mistakes which remain are our own. The data underlying the article is published at www.transitionaljustice.ulster.ac.uk/tji_database.html.