This article clarifies the relationship between Verdi and Solera, shows why it broke down in 1846 and discusses Solera's idiosyncratic verses. It also rereads a widely misunderstood letter that Verdi sent to Solera, which contains not only Piave's emendations to the final act of Attila but also Solera's response to them, angrily scribbled over Piave's work.
Francesco Izzo is Lecturer in Music at the University of Southampton and Co-Director of the American Institute for Verdi Studies. He has published articles in Acta Musicologica, Journal of the American Musicological Society, Journal of Musicology and elsewhere. He is the editor of Verdi's Un giorno di regno (WGV, University of Chicago Press/Ricordi, in preparation).