Have you ever wondered about the origin of the phrase: “If you want peace, work for justice?” I recently saw it on a bumper sticker that attributed the slogan to Pope Paul VI, and if you go to the Vatican sites for his annual peace messages between 1967 and 1969, you will find the general sentiment there. But the origin of the idea that peace requires social justice – not just the absence of warfare – is much older. In the twentieth century United States this idea originated in Jane Addams' book, Newer Ideals of Peace, published in 1907.
Kathryn Kish Sklar is Distinguished Professor of History at SUNY Binghamton. She has authored Florence Kelley and the Nation's Work: The Rise of Women's Political Culture, 1830–1900; co-edited Social Justice Feminists in the United States and Germany: A Dialogue in Documents, 1885–1933 and Women and Power in American History. With Thomas Dublin she is co-director of “Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1775–2000,” a website at http://womhist.binghamton.edu She is a past president of SHGAPE.