We determine the extent to which the collection of Γ-Euler–Satake characteristics classify closed 2-orbifolds. In particular, we show that the closed, connected, effective, orientable 2-orbifolds are classified by the Γ-Euler–Satake characteristics corresponding to free or free abelian Γ and are not classified by those corresponding to any finite set of finitely generated discrete groups. These results demonstrate that the Γ-Euler–Satake characteristics corresponding to free abelian Γ constitute new invariants of orbifolds. Similarly, we show that such a classification is neither possible for non-orientable 2-orbifolds nor for non-effective 2-orbifolds using any collection of groups Γ.
(Received May 15 2009)
(Revised December 21 2009)
(Accepted June 25 2010)
2010 Mathematics Subject ClassificationPrimary 57R20; 57S17; Secondary 22A22; 57P99