The Antiquaries Journal

Research Article

Excavations at the Viking Barrow Cemetery at Heath Wood, Ingleby, Derbyshire

Julian D Richards, Pauline Beswick, Julie Bond, Marcus Jecock, Jacqueline McKinley, Stephen Rowland and Fay Worley*

The cemetery at Heath Wood, Ingleby, Derbyshire, is the only known Scandinavian cremation cemetery in the British Isles. It comprises fifty-nine barrows, of which about one-third have been excavated on previous occasions, although earlier excavators concluded that some were empty cenotaph mounds. From 1998 to 2000 three barrows were examined. Our investigations have suggested that each of the barrows contained a burial, although not all contain evidence of a pyre. A full report of the 1998–2000 excavations is provided, alongside a summary of the earlier finds. The relationship of Heath Wood to the neighbouring site at Repton is examined, in order to understand its significance for the Scandinavian settlement of the Danelaw. It is concluded that Heath Wood may have been a war cemetery of the Viking Great Army of AD 873–8.

Footnotes

* Julian D Richards, Department of Archaeology, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP, UK. E-mail: < jdri@york.ac.uk >

Pauline Beswick, 4 Chapel Row, Froggatt, Calver, Hope Valley, Derbyshire S32 3ZA, UK. E-mail: < Paulinebwick@aol.com >.

Julie Bond, Department of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford, Bradford BD71DP, UK. E-mail: <J.M.Bond@bradford.ac.uk>. (JB)

Marcus Jecock, English Heritage, 37 Tanner Row, York YO16WP, UK. E-mail: < Marcus.Jecock@english-heritage.org.uk >.

Jacqueline McKinley, Wessex Archaeology, Portway House, Old Sarum Park, Salisbury SP4 6EB, UK. E-mail: <j.mckinley@wessexarch.co.uk>. (JMcK)

Stephen Rowland, Department of Archaeology, University of York, King's Manor, York YO17EP, UK. E-mail: <stephenrowland@yahoo.co.uk>. (SR)

Fay Worley, Department of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford, Bradford BD71DP, UK. E-mail: <F.L.Worley@bradford.ac.uk>. (FW)