a1 Penn State University
In recent years, the relationship between foreign military occupation and the increased likelihood of violent insurgency and terrorism has been asserted (Pape 2005) but is far from proven. The actual micro-level dynamics that make the correlation between the two sufficient to warrant extended discussion is even less understood and has led a variety of researchers to examine the micro-level foundations of how the presence of foreign military personnel might exacerbate conflict or provide motivation for the local population to mobilize against the foreign troops in their midst (e.g., Downes 2008; Edelstein 2008)
Mia Bloom is an associate professor of international studies and women's studies at Penn State University and a research fellow at the International Center for the Study of Terrorism. Her major areas of research include suicide terrorism, women and terrorism, and the deliberate use of rape as a strategy during war. She can be reached at email@example.com.
This research is supported by a grant from the Office of Naval Research (ONR), U.S. Department of the Navy No N00014-09-1-0557. Any opinions, findings, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Office of Naval Research. I thank John Owen for his comments on an early draft of this article and Shireen Judeh for her research assistance.