Journal of Fluid Mechanics

Papers

Experimental verification of an Oseen flow slender body theory

E. CHADWICKa1 c1, H. M. KHANa1 p1, M. MOATAMEDIa2, M. MAPPINa1 and M. PENNEYa1

a1 School of Computing, Science and Engineering, University of Salford, Salford M5 4WT, UK

a2 Narvik University College, Lodve Langes Gate 2, Narvik, N-8505 Norway

Abstract

Consider uniform flow past four slender bodies with elliptical cross-section of constant ellipticity along the length of 0, 0.125, 0.25 and 0.375, respectively, for each body. Here, ellipticity is defined as the ratio of the semiminor axis of the ellipse to the semimajor axis. The bodies have a pointed nose which gradually increases in cross-section with a radius of curvature 419 mm to a mid-section which then remains constant up to a blunt end section with semimajor axis diameter 160 mm, the total length of all bodies being 800 mm. The bodies are side-mounted within a low-speed wind tunnel with an operational wind speed of the order 30 m s−1. The side force (or lift) is measured within an angle of attack range of −3° to 3° such that the body is rotated about the major axis of the ellipse cross-section. The lift slope is determined for each body, and how it varies with ellipticity. It is found that this variance follows a straight line which steadily increases with increasing ellipticity. It is shown that this result is predicted by a recently developed Oseen flow slender body theory, and cannot be predicted by either inviscid flow slender body theory or viscous crossflow theories based upon the Allen and Perkins method.

(Received September 08 2009)

(Revised March 10 2010)

(Accepted March 11 2010)

(Online publication May 25 2010)

Correspondence:

c1 Email address for correspondence: e.a.chadwick@salford.ac.uk

p1 H. M. Khan is also a permanent faculty member at College of Aeronautical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Pakistan

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