To analyse sociodemographic, viroimmunological and clinical parameters in different HIV-transmission categories at baseline and during treatment, 3039 patients were followed up for 12 months after the initiation of a nelfinavir-based regimen. Multiple baseline parameters were significantly different in the diverse categories, including CD4 counts (P<0·0001) and viral load (P=0·02). There were differences in the groups regarding the CD4 response (P=0·01), but not the virological response (P=0·4), to therapy over time. Multivariate analyses revealed that transmission categories were significantly related to baseline CD4 counts (P=0·01), viral load at 12 months (P=0·0006), poorer adherence to therapy of injecting drug users (IDUs) vs. each of the other groups (P<0·001) and failure to complete the 12-month evaluation of IDU vs. heterosexual (P=0·003) and men who have sex with men (MSM) groups (P=0·02). We conclude that transmission categories had a significant influence on several baseline parameters and viroimmunological outcomes following highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), as well as on adherence to therapy and to medical appointments.
(Accepted November 05 2009)
(Online publication November 27 2009)