As of June 2009, Israel’s population was 7,424,400 people, 5,604,900 of which were Jewish, 1,502,400 were Arabs, and approximately 317,200 had no religion or are non-Arab Christians. Established in 1948, Israel is a highly urban and industrialized country. Its gross domestic product (GDP) per capita (based on exchange rate) is US$23,257, positioning it among the European developed countries. Life expectancy is 79 years for males and 82 years for females, with infant mortality rate of 4 cases per 1,000 live births. Of Israel’s GDP, 7.7% is spent on health.
Daniel Sperling, S.J.D., B.A. (Philosophy), is a faculty member in The Federmann School of Public Policy and Government and Braun School of Public Health & Community Medicine, at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mont Scopus.