Most people believe that rules, orders, and directives issue forth from some agency. Granting that, then being obligated to do something is interpreted as having been put under an obligation by some agency to do something. And if an obligation has been imposed upon one by some agency, then, it is concluded, that agency has the power – therefore the authority – to enforce compliance with the obligation.
Bruce B. Suttle is Professor Emeritus at Parkland College, Champaign, Illinois. firstname.lastname@example.org