Genetic and environmental influences on anorexia nervosa syndromes in a population–based twin sample
Background. Genetic and environmental influences on broadly-defined anorexia nervosa (AN) syndrome were examined in a population-based twin sample.
Methods. AN syndrome was assessed in 672 female 17 year-old twins using structured interviews and a self-report questionnaire.
Results. Twenty-six probands with AN syndrome were identified. Biometrical model-fitting analyses indicated that genetic and non-shared environmental factors accounted for 74 % and 26 % of the variance in AN syndrome, respectively.
Conclusions. Findings support previous research indicating significant genetic and non-shared environmental influences on AN syndromes.
c1 Address for correspondence: Dr Kelly L. Klump, Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, 129 Psychology Research Building, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.