a1 Institute of Psychology, Department of Economics, University of Kassel, 34127 Kassel, Germany. [email protected] http://www.psychologie.uni-kassel.de/indexpers.htm
In order to evaluate the impact of contemporary grandparenting, the view should not be restricted to developmental achievement effects in grandchildren. Both child happiness and grandparent happiness are high-ranking goals with implications for public policy. The beneficial impact of grandparenting for risk families appears unequivocal, and modern life still encounters all kinds of unpredictable risks. Contemporary grandparental care is no evolutionary mismatch.