The effect of various capacitation active compounds and capacitation time on the in vitro fertility and protein tyrosine phosphorylation profiles of bovine sperm
In this paper the effects of capacitation and fertilisation stimulating compounds (heparin, caffeine, glucose, D-penicillamine, bovine serum (BOS), bovine serum albumin (BSA), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)) were analysed in several in vitro fertilisation protocols. Attention was paid to the rate of penetrated oocytes, kinetics of penetration and to polyspermic fertilisation. Cryopreserved bovine sperm and in vitro matured bovine oocytes were used throughout all the fertilisation experiments. As detected in the first 8 h fertilisation experiment with non-incubated sperm, the supplementation of medium with heparin, BOS and glucose supported the fertilisation rate most effectively (100%), including the kinetics of pronuclei formation (52.4%). The absence of BOS resulted in a decreased fertilisation rate (62.7%) as well as a delay in pronuclei formation (13.6%), similar to that after substitution of heparin with caffeine (73.0% and 25.4%, respectively). The penetration rate in the control medium with BOS (without heparin and caffeine) was surprisingly high, especially in medium without glucose (62.2%). The positive effect of glucose on sperm penetration was observed mainly in a chemically defined medium with PVA. High polyspermy rates were observed throughout all experiments in the media containing heparin or caffeine and BOS as the macromolecular component. D-Penicillamine was not shown to be a fertilisation-stimulating molecule. However, as detected in the second experiment in which oocytes were fertilised with 5 h incubated sperm, its positive effect on the prolongation of a fertile life span of cryopreserved spermatozoa was significant. The presence of either caffeine or heparin in the fertilisation medium (FM) with BOS during sperm incubation induced tyrosine phosphorylation of an approximately 90 kDa protein, detected after 5 h of sperm incubation. The absence of BOS reduced tyrosine phosphorylation of this protein in fertilisation medium with heparin. The percentage of motile spermatozoa and those with intact acrosomes were monitored throughout all experiments.(Received May 24 2000)
(Accepted July 12 2000)
Key Words: Bovine oocytes; Fertilisation; Sperm capacitation; Tyrosine phosphorylation.
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