Journal of Hygiene

Research Article

The sanitary condition of rural drinking water in a Nile Delta village: II. Bacterial contamination of drinking water in a Nile Delta village

Laila El Attara1, Aleya Abdel Gawada1, Amal E. M. Khairya1 and Olfat El Sebaiea1

a1 Departments of Microbiology, Rural Health and Sanitary Chemistry, High Institute of Public Health, University of Alexandria


Whilst the major danger associated with drinking water is that it may be contaminated with sewage or human excreta, the danger of pollution from animals must not be overlooked. Outbreaks of infection from drinking water are frequently reported (Melnick & Gerba, 1979) and high prevalence rates of diarrhoeal diseases have been found in the Nile Delta (Sallam et al. unpublished data). The supply of potable water is a critically urgent national problem and is of especial importance to communities which must rely on poorly designed supply systems and which lack even the minimum quality control services.

(Received March 19 1981)