a1 Department of Genetics, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
The use in dairy cattle improvement of loci associated with quantitative effects that might be found by genetic analysis is discussed. These methods can make a significant contribution only if they result in the identification of quantitative loci whose inheritance can be followed in a simple Mendelian manner. Another possibility, the identification of genetic components of production having a higher heritability than overall production, would make only a minor contribution to increased genetic progress. Selection of young males, according to the estimated breeding value associated by linkage with particular marker alleles in their sire, will not make a detectable contribution to genetic improvement.
(Received November 22 1976)