During sporadic outbreaks of S. exempta, population densities sometimes reach extremely high numbers. Monitoring at one such outbreak revealed that a considerable synchrony exists in the developmental processes of such populations, so that at times up to 97% of the population is represented by only one stage of development. Heavy pupal mortality with symptoms of a cytoplasmic virus infection was noted. Flight behaviour of emerging adults revealed observable differences in the flight activity of the moths. Although a great majority of the emerging moths flew away from the area, some stayed back. Eggs layed by the latter produced a second brood but, due to a more or less total depletion of the food source, this subsequent brood did not survive in any appreciable numbers and finally died out.
(Received May 12 1980)