Behavioral and Brain Sciences



Open Peer Commentary

Why the analyses of cognitive processes matter


Ulrich Hoffrage a1
a1 Center for Adaptive Behavior and Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, 14195 Berlin, Germany hoffrage@mpib-berlin.mpg.de www.mbip-berlin.mpg.de/ABC/Staff/hoffrage/home-d.htm

Abstract

Stanovich & West analyze individual differences with respect to response output (e.g., participants' numerical estimates). They do not analyze the underlying cognitive processes that led to the outputs; they thereby probably misclassify some non-normative responses as normative. Using base rate neglect and overconfidence as examples, I demonstrate the advantages of analyzing cognitive processes further.