Self-Efficacy for Social Situations in Adolescents with Generalized Social Anxiety Disorder
Self-efficacy is a potentially useful concept when applied to Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD). The aims of the current study were to examine the psychometric properties of the Self-Efficacy for Social Situations Scale (SESS; Gaudiano and Herbert, 2003) and to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and anxiety in an adolescent sample with generalized SAD. Results replicated those found in a previous adult SAD sample. The SESS showed high internal consistency and good construct and criterion-related validity. The SESS also predicted subjective anxiety and perceived performance in social role play tests after controlling for social anxiety severity. Furthermore, self-efficacy more clearly predicted self-ratings in contrast to observer ratings of performance in social role play tests. Finally, changes in social self-efficacy were strongly associated with changes in social anxiety symptoms following treatment, even after controlling for changes in fear of negative evaluation. Treatment implications for adolescent SAD are discussed.
Key Words: Social anxiety; social phobia; self-efficacy; psychometrics; behavioral role play tests; adolescence.
c1 Reprint requests to Brandon Gaudiano, Psychosocial Research Program, Butler Hospital, 345 Blackstone Boulevard, Providence, RI 02906, USA. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org