Cloning and characterisation of a zona pellucida 3 cDNA from a marsupial, the brushtail possum Trichosurus vulpecula
The mammalian zona pellucida (ZP) is an extracellular glycoprotein coat that plays vital roles throughout fertilisation and preimplantation development. Like that of eutherian mammals the brushtail possum ZP is composed of three glycosylated proteins of 137 kDa, 92 kDa and 62 kDa. The 62 kDa protein is a ZP3 orthologue based on its nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence. The brushtail possum ZP3 cDNA isolated in this study is 1305 nucleotides with an open reading frame encoding a 422 amino acid peptide of 45.7 kDa. Possum ZP3 has a 46% amino acid identity with eutherian ZP3 and shares similar structural characteristics including 12 conserved cysteine residues, N-linked glycosylation sites and hydrophobic regions. Like human and rabbit ZP1 an altered furin cleavage site upstream of the C-terminal hydrophobic domain also occurs in possum ZP3 (S-R-K-R), suggestive of processing by a furin-related endoprotease. Expression of brushtail possum ZP3 is limited to the ovary. Characterisation of brushtail possum ZP3 will enable examination of its functional role in marsupial fertilisation and its effectiveness as an immunocontraceptive agent.(Received May 2 1998)
(Accepted July 2 1998)
Key Words: Fertilisation; Marsupial; Possum; Zona pellucida.
c1 All correspondence to: Dr. Karen Mate, Marsupial CRC, School of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, 2109 Australia, Telephone: +61 2 9850 9257, Fax: +61 2 9850 9686. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.