a1 School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
a2 Department of Sociology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
a3 Rollins School of Public Health, Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
a4 Center for Multicultural Mental Health Research, Cambridge Health Alliance, Somerville, MA, USA
a5 Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Background This study examined whether there were associations between individual measures of socio-economic status (SES) and the 12-month prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) in representative samples of Blacks, Latinos, Asians and Whites in the USA.
Method The data used were from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Studies (CPES).
Results There was an association between household income and MDD among Whites. However, the association was not statistically significant. Statistically significant associations were present between educational attainment and MDD among Whites. Among both Whites and Latinos, being out of the labor force was significantly associated with MDD. In analyses by nativity, being out of the labor force was significantly associated with MDD among US-born and foreign-born Latinos.
Conclusions Significant associations between various measures of SES and MDD were consistently observed among White and, in some cases, Latino populations. Future studies should continue to examine sociopsychological factors related to SES that increase the risk of MDD among people from racial-ethnic communities.
(Received July 09 2008)
(Revised April 15 2009)
(Accepted April 18 2009)
(Online publication May 22 2009)